Tag Archives: Iran

China Supports Iran’s Nuclear and Missile Programs

On April 28, 2014, the United States District Court in the Southern District of New York filed a grand jury indictment against Chinese national Li Fang-wei, aka, Karl Li, owner and operator of the previously indicted company Limmt and its many associated trading companies and aliases.  Li is suspected of selling to Iran controlled and dual-use missile and nuclear related goods and materials.  The indictment alleges that over many years, his sales contributed to the substantial outfitting of the Iranian ballistic missile program.  He is accused of seeking and selling dual-use goods made in the United States on behalf of Iran and other countries and of using the U.S. financial system to make and receive illegal payments.  Li is a “long-time supplier to Iran’s Defense Industries Organization and Aerospace Industries Organization.”

Leaked U.S. State Department cables dating back to 2007 show intensive, high-level U.S. efforts to convince China to take action to close down Li’s operations.  These diplomatic efforts failed as reports have surfaced that Li is protected by senior Chinese officials.  Obviously frustrated by China’s refusal to rein in Li, the State Department has offered a $5 million anti-transnational crime reward for information leading to his arrest.  The U.S. government should also designate China a “destination of diversion concern” under U.S. sanctions legislation.  Imposing additional licensing conditions on certain U.S. dual-use goods bound for China would help ensure the goods do not end up in Iran (or North Korea for that matter) and would send a stronger message about the United States’ unwillingness to tolerate China’s support for this ongoing criminal activity, which contributes importantly to Iran’s missile and nuclear proliferation.

Read the full case study at: Serial Proliferator Karl Li: China’s Continued Refusal to Act

Iran Missile Milestones: 1985-2014 | Iran Watch

1987: China sells Iran “Silkworm” anti-ship cruise missiles.

1988: China agrees to provide Iran with equipment and know-how to develop and test medium-range ballistic missiles.

1990: China and Iran reportedly sign a 10-year agreement for scientific cooperation and the transfer of military technology.

1996: U.S. Rep. Benjamin Gilman (R-NY) states during a Congressional hearing on China’s military sales to Iran that U.S. intelligence believes China has “delivered dozens, perhaps hundreds, of missile guidance systems and computerized tools to Iran.”

August 2000: In its report on worldwide proliferation, the CIA says Iran has made considerable progress in the development of ballistic missiles, and that entities in Russia, North Korea, and China continued to supply the largest amount of ballistic missile-related goods, technology, and expertise to Iran.

November 2003: In its report to Congress on worldwide proliferation, the CIA says that Iran’s ballistic missile inventory is among the largest in the Middle East and that entities in the former Soviet Union, North Korea, and China have helped Iran progress in ballistic missile production.

June 2006: Pursuant to Executive Order 13382, the U.S. Department of the Treasury imposes financial sanctions on four Chinese companies, Beijing Alite Technologies Company Ltd. (ALCO), LIMMT Economic and Trade Company, Ltd., China Great Wall Industry Corporation (CGWIC), and China National Precision Machinery Import/Export Corporation (CPMIEC), and on the U.S.-based CGWIC representative, G.W. Aerospace, Inc., for supplying Iran with missile-related and dual-use components.

Iran Missile Milestones: 1985-2014 | Iran Watch

China aided Iran’s missile, nuclear programs | Washington Free Beacon

The 95-page report, “China-Iran: A Limited Partnership,” was produced for the commission by the intelligence contractor CENTRA Technology and dated October 2012.

China provided nuclear assistance to Iran in the 1990s and promised to halt its support in 1997. However, the report said there are indications Beijing has continued to provide covert assistance to Iranian nuclear programs.

On missile experts, the report said, “China has continued measured support to Iran’s defense programs.”

Recent transfers include several export versions of Chinese missiles, including C-705 anti-ship cruise missiles.

China aided Iran’s missile, nuclear programs | Washington Free Beacon

Can a nuclear Iran and war be stopped?

“In other words, a phony deal will make Israeli action necessary, for it will be the only thing standing in the way of an Iranian nuclear bomb.”

Right now it looks like the path either will lead to no deal or a phony deal. This is the third regional problem that could easily blow up in our face:

  1. There is the Russia problem. Currently the focus is Ukraine, but who knows where Russia’s expansionist drive will end. Also, Russia likes to make implied nuclear threats against the West.
  2. There is the China problem. China is currently in conflict with Vietnam, Philippines and Japan. Present trends paint an ominous picture of the future – conflict and war.
  3. There is the Iran problem. Iran is currently seeking to position itself for a fast nuclear breakout of many nuclear weapons and the means to deliver them. Israel is threatening to stop Iran.

Can a nuclear Iran and war be stopped?

The world’s attention is focused on Russia, but a critical deadline in the nuclear talks with Iran is fast approaching. On July 20, time will be up — or will it? — for a final deal on Iran’s illicit nuclear program.

It is not for trivial reasons then that Israel and pro-Israel American groups and lawmakers are sounding the alarm. The Jerusalem Post reports:

Speaking in Washington on Thursday, [Israeli Ambassador to the U.S. Ron] Dermer said negotiations in Vienna between Iran and the P5+1 – the US, Britain, France, Russia, China and Germany – risked leaving Iran “a threshold nuclear power” that would move them back from “two months, where they are today, to maybe two or three months further” from a nuclear weapon. . . . Also addressing the forum at the Mandarin Oriental hotel, Representative Ed Royce (R-CA), chairman of the House Foreign Relations Committee, spoke of what successful policy on Iran might look like. “Failure is anything short of having a verifiable way to dismantle the nuclear weapons program,” he said. “Failure would be allowing Iran to proceed with an [intercontinental ballistic missile] program.”

Can a nuclear Iran and war be stopped?

Iran’s True Goal: Iranian FM Calls for Change in World Order

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif criticized the current world order, and called for a new world order in which the nations’ economic and technological advantages are preferred to their military might.

Iran’s cultural heritage and its great civilization along with its independent seeking discourse rooted in the Islamic Revolution culture has increased the Iranian potentials to play a key role in the formation of new world order, the foreign minister underscored.

Iranian FM Calls for Change in World Order | Farsnews

Iran, China and Russia all are seeking a change in the world order. China and Russia are incrementally pushing in that direction by the use of force to establish regional spheres of influence. Iran is sitting back while it develops the capability to produce nuclear weapons and the means to deliver them. One day we will wake up to find that Iran has 50 to 100 nuclear tipped missiles aimed at the US and Europe. Then it will be game over. In the meantime, there is little reason for Iran to build one or two bombs.

 

Suspicious Advertisements [in Farsi] for High Quality Maraging Steel from a Ukraine-Based Company

ISIS analyses the case of a Ukraine-based company, Electrovek Steel, which created a special web site in Farsi hosted in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to advertise high grade maraging steel, including U.S.-made Vascomax C300 and C350 maraging steel.

High quality maraging steel is subject to national trade control laws and, with regard to Iran, sanctions imposed by the United States and the European Union and more broadly contained in the United Nations Security Council resolutions.  These laws and regulations make the sale of this maraging steel to Iran either illegal or subject to extraordinarily strict trade control restrictions.

ISIS accessed the web site in August 2013. However, by January 2014 the web site had been removed.  Before Electrovek’s Farsi language web site was removed, its presence attracted attention in Iran and may have resulted in Iranian customers.

Supplier countries, particularly the United States, should check if any of their exports ended up at Electrovek and scrutinize the fate of any such exports.  They should also search for any re-exports involving Electrovek to countries such as the UAE and Malaysia, which Iran has frequently used as transshipment points to camouflage its illegal procurement efforts.

Read the full case study at: Suspicious Advertisements for High Quality Maraging Steel .

by David Albright, Serena Kelleher-Vergantini, Donald Stewart, and Andrea Stricker

Why Iran’s missiles matter – Washington Times

Washington’s concerns are certainly well-placed. In recent years, in tandem with its nuclear advances, the Islamic republic has carried out significant, sustained work on its ballistic-missile arsenal. According to U.S. intelligence assessments, Iran is already the most formidable missile power in the Middle East, and ballistic missiles would be its delivery system of choice if it were to field a nuclear weapon.

The mainstay of Iran’s arsenal is the Shahab-3, a medium-range missile unveiled publicly more than a decade ago. When inducted into service, the Shahab-3 was a liquid-fuel missile with an estimated range of about 750 miles. However, in recent years, the Iranian regime has expanded the range, accuracy and payload of the Shahab and its variants.

Today, the Shahab class of missiles is estimated to be nuclear-capable and have a range of between 900 and 1,200 miles — putting all of Israel, the north of India and parts of Eastern Europe within striking distance of the Islamic republic.

BERMAN: Why Iran’s missiles matter – Washington Times

Surprise Attack on Iran: Can Israel Do It?

As they examine the difficulties of carrying out a strike, Israeli operational analysts can take comfort in the fact that Israel has achieved surprise many times before. Iran, as the intended target of a potential attack, is faced with several problems. One is to detect the decision to attack. Another is to accurately assess the timing and conduct of the operation. And a third problem is to take measures to prevent it. Iran was caught off guard by Iraq’s invasion in September 1980. Could it get caught napping again?

Surprise Attack on Iran: Can Israel Do It?

Iran: 30,000 new centrifuges needed for fuel | The Times of Israel

Iran currently has nearly 19,000 centrifuges, including 10,000 of the so-called first generation being used to enrich uranium.

The country insists its nuclear activities are solely for civilian purposes.

“If we want to use the Natanz enrichment facility to produce the annual fuel of Bushehr nuclear power plant, we need to build 30,000 new centrifuges,” Salehi was quoted by the Fars news agency as saying.

Iran: 30,000 new centrifuges needed for fuel | The Times of Israel

Israeli intel: Iran can use new centrifuge to ‘leap-frog’ enrichment capability – World Tribune | World Tribune

Officials said the centrifuges were designed to rapidly produce weapons-grade enriched uranium.

“Now they’re developing, as we speak, they’re developing centrifuges that are supposed to be 15 times more effective and more efficient than the centrifuges that they have today,” Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said. “That will enable them to leap-frog the distance and the time from low enrichment of uranium to high enrichment like that.”

Israeli intel: Iran can use new centrifuge to ‘leap-frog’ enrichment capability – World Tribune | World Tribune

Clapper: Iran ‘making technical advancements’ that point to nuclear weapons | World Tribune

The U.S. intelligence community has determined that Iran, despite its agreement with the West, would continue to enhance its nuclear weapons capability.

Officials said the intelligence community has dismissed the prospect that Iran would slow down its nuclear weapons program.

The officials said the community, despite assurances by the White House, assessed that Teheran would continue with nuclear weapons research and could stockpile enriched uranium at undeclared facilities.

Clapper: Iran ‘making technical advancements’ that point to nuclear weapons | World Tribune

Chorus of Israeli voices renews calls for Iran strike | The Times of Israel

A rising chorus of Israeli voices is again raising the possibility of carrying out a military strike on Iran’s nuclear facilities in what appears to be an attempt to draw renewed attention to Tehran’s atomic program — and Israel’s unhappiness with international negotiations with the Iranians.

In recent days, a series of newspaper reports and comments by top defense officials have signaled that the military option remains very much on the table. While Israeli officials say Israel never shelved the possibility of attacking, the heightened rhetoric marks a departure from Israel’s subdued approach since six world powers opened negotiations with Iran last November.

Chorus of Israeli voices renews calls for Iran strike | The Times of Israel

Report: Netanyahu Ordered IDF to Prepare for Iran Strike – Israel Today | Israel News

The government of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has reportedly maintained massive military funding for a possible strike on Iran’s nuclear facilities despite ongoing negotiations between Western powers and the Islamic Republic.

Israeli newspaper Ha’aretz reported that Knesset members taking part in committee hearings in January and February were informed that the 2014 national budget still includes 10 billion shekels ($2.89 billions USD) for preparations for a long-range strike on Iran.

A number of Knesset members who spoke to the newspaper on condition of anonymity said army officials were asked if the large expenditure was justified in light of negotiations taking place between Iran and the West to resolve the nuclear issue. The IDF representatives simply answered that these were their orders.

Report: Netanyahu Ordered IDF to Prepare for Iran Strike – Israel Today | Israel News

If this strike goes down then hold on to your seats. Things are going to get ugly.